Stucco is a very fine mixture based on gypsum or cement used in architecture for covering and decorating walls and ceilings. It is used to give a more beautiful appearance to rough surfaces such as concrete, wood or metal. Glossy stucco (Venetian or Romano stucco) is used with different shades to render the imitation of marble surfaces.
The term “stucco” expresses the idea of a mixture of mixed lime with marble powder in different proportions. This mixture was used in ancient times both as a finishing layer for architectural works, to create the texture of marble, and for modeling decorative elements.
The use of this decorative technique in the ancient world was not only based on the discoveries of ancient buildings but also on the stories of ancient writers. In Roman times, the mixture used to make stucco decorations was used for plaster; the difference between a simple plaster and a stucco plaster consists not only in the proportions of the materials but also in their processing.
The old interior stucco elements found in the building were ornaments made of plaster reinforced with hemp. Each room has a different stucco profile on the patterns and especially the association between floral and geometric. The stucco elements that are in the building now was restored from the original piece.
The stucco restoration process
Existing stucco elements were restored by pickling. A stripper solution was applied with a brush, and after 15-20 minutes the old paint layer was cleaned. The cracks were repaired, replaced piece by piece, and in some areas the plaster glaze on the profiles was restored.
After the repairs, the stucco was sanded and one or two coats of linseed oil and matte paint were applied. A really meticulous work, but which restored the uniqueness and the former brilliance of the house. It should be noted that the restoration workshop for interior and exterior stucco was arranged right inside the building or in the workshop built in the palace courtyard.
Find out more details about how the stoves were found and restored with great care or about the 100-year-old bright red brick, found, brought to light and creating the uniqueness of this palace, a historical monument in the center of Bucharest.